Shanzer dating the baptism of clovis
Germanic graves are sometimes found with Hunnic ornaments but also with skulls of females that have been treated in this way; west of the Rhine only Burgundian graves contain a large number of such skulls.
(Werner, 1953) Religion: Somewhere in the east the Burgundians had been converted to the Arian form of Christianity, which proved a source of suspicion and distrust between the Burgundians and the Catholic Western Roman Empire.
Sometime after their war against the Alamanni, the Burgundians were beaten in battle by Fastida, king of the Gepids and were overwhelmed, almost annihilated.
(Prosper; Chronica Gallica 452; Hydatius; and Sidonius Apollinaris) The destruction of Worms and the Burgundian kingdom by the Huns became the subject of heroic legends that were afterwards incorporated in the Nibelungenlied—on which Wagner based his Ring Cycle—where King Gunther (Gundahar) and Queen Brünhild hold their court at Worms, and Siegfried comes to woo Kriemhild. Vienna: Denkschriften der Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften, 1990.
(In Old Norse sources the names are Gunnar, Brynhild, and Gudrún as normally rendered in English.) In fact, the Etzel of the Nibelungenlied is based on Attila the Hun. "Beiträge sur Archäologie des Attila-Reiches", Die Bayerische Akademie der Wissenschaft.
This will provide a fresh view of various more unusual aspects of late Roman Gaul, and also, it is hoped, serve as a model for ways of interpreting the late Roman sources for other areas, times, and contexts.
Laura Gribaldo, Malcolm Alison, Peter W Andrews, Susanne Bremer, Peter J Donovan, Shoshan Knaän-Shanzer, Roland Mertelsmann, Horst Spielmann, Nydia G Testa, James T Triffitt, Dov Zipori, Erika de Wynter de la Garza-Rodea, Anabel S., Verweij, Marieke C., Boersma, Hester, van der Velde-van Dijke, Ietje, de Vries, Antoine A.
Divisions were evidently healed or healing circa AD 500, however, as Gundobad, one of the last Burgundian kings, maintained a close personal friendship with Avitus, the Catholic bishop of Vienne.